Note N403 Index
She died 9 days after the birth of the youngest child Mildred. At some point, apparently in 1924, her sister Emma came to live with the family to look after the children. She brought her son Olav and her daughter Eldred with her. One presumes that she was a widow when she came to Canada. Her daughter Eldred later married her cousin Ludwig Skjei.
Note N404 Index
The family immigrated to Minnesota in 1885. I found them in the 1885 Minnesota State Census, in Starbuck, Pope County. But by 1900, they were back in Norway. Why did they go back?
The son Leopold immigrated to the US again in April 1909, Why? Ditto for the son Nils who immigrated to the US in April 1910?
According to family lore, he was the Harbour Master of Steinkjar, Norway. In the 1900 Norwegian census, he was a ship captain. The place of birth comes from that census, and from his gravestone. He was also listed as a 'Skipper" in the 1910 census.
Here is some of the history of Steinkjer:
The Steinkjer coat of arms - the sekstaggede stjerna - symbolizes the entrances to the city. And just the traffic from the villages and farmers who sought provision for their products, created Steinkjer. Steinkjer was a meeting place and a gate to the world; one port of shipment; a marketplace, and eventually a city - basically Trondheimsfjorden. Steinkjer cityscape is characterized by four districts, separated by the river and the railroad. The old center - east of the railway - is a characteristic gjenreisningsby, while several street names in the town refers to prehistoric heyday and important historical milestones.
The area around Steinkjer has been inhabited for 6,000 years - it tells the many petroglyphs and oldfunn. Norway's first Stone Age settlement found on Våttåbakken.
Steinkjer had their first heyday 1,000 years ago, as a seat of the earls Eirik and Svein. But Olav Haraldsson came to power, and pre-Christmas period in 1015 sued him into the fjord and chased Earl Svein Steinkjer. After that we know little about Steinkjer. Probably lying place virtually deserted for several hundred years.
Beyond 1700s becomes lumber industry important and we see the beginning of a new Steinkjer. In 1801 there lived albeit only 14 families in Steinkjer. This is the residents of Steinkjer farm, which was where the church is today, and the farm crofters who lived at the estuary. In the 1800s, there is a slow growth and development of Steinkjer. Shipping of lumber, trade, military life and increased traffic through the place are key.
Gradually develops a significant trading and transport cargo on the basis of place around the end of Steinkjerelva. On 7 May 1857 got Steinkjer trading rights - became a city - with the privileges it entailed. Steinkjer roughly 600 residents had to build a new urban community: City council was established, church was built, the fire service, mill, dairy and steamship companies are some of the infrastructure put in place gradually.
Note N405 Index
Hans was born in either Vibeplass or Sparbu. I am not at all clear as to the geopolitical nature of either place. In fact, I cannot find a reference to Vibeplass at all. it says this in Wikipedia:
The parish of Sparbu was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The eastern district of Skei (population: 1,441) was separated from Sparbu on 1 January 1885 to form a municipality of its own. This left Sparbu with 2,842 residents. On 1 January 1964, a major municipal merger took place: the municipalities of Sparbu, Ogndal, Beitstad, Egge, Kvam, and Stod were all merged with the town of Steinkjer to form the new municipality of Steinkjer. Prior to the merger, Sparbu had 4,027 inhabitants.
He married Anne Gurine Lorntsdatter on November 3, 1864 and she died on December 23 that same year. Hans had only become a tenant farmer of Heimvelg in August of 1864. He later married Olava Bergitte Oldsdatter who had been a maid in his house.
Skei was the name used between 1885 and 1900 for Ogndal, a former municipality in Nord-Trondelag, Norway. However, in the case of Hans, his family name did not come from that. Rather, in 1864 Hans Sakariasen became a tenant farmer of a main farm Østre Skei (East Skei). The main farm had several tenant farmers - they all made contracts with the owner, Ole Arntsen Skei, whereby they had the rights to produce what were needed to survive (such as potatoes, grain, carrots etc., and as time went by to have a cow, a pig etc.). In addition to working on their own piece of land, they had to work on the main farm whenever the owner wanted. The tenant farmers had each a small piece of land under Østre Skei, and every tenant farmer lived on a place - Skeiplass. I guess that also why Hans maybe called himself for Hans Sakariasen Skeiplass in the 1865 census. Later he apparently started to use the name Skei. For whatever reason, the children who emigrated to the US or Canada used Skei (changed to Skjei or Skjei) used the first part of Skeiplass as their last name.
From 1864 to 1905 Hans was a tenant farmer, - then in 1905 he wrote a special official agreement together with the Authorities - and the owner (he also paid the owner a certain amount) - and then, finally, he become a "free" man on his own land. The agreement showed that he then owned 200 mål ( about 50 acres) Two places (Skeiplasser) had become one, plus another small piece of land. This is why it was called Heimveg No. 178/02. Unfortunately, Hans passed away two years late in 1907. His widow then sold the land.
In the 1865 census, he was shown as a widower and Olava was unmarried, although they were in the same household.
Here are Hans and Olava in the 1865 census:
Data on domicile:
Census year: 1865
Municipality number: 1731
Name of domicile: Skeidsplads
Number of persons in this domicile: 3.
Husmand med Jord
Forsørges af sine Børn
In the 1900 census, he and Olva were living with their daughter Hansina, her husband and their two children, it appears on the same property because it is called Skeiplads. He was retired and on a pension, although the description as poorly translated by me is "derived from surrendered property".